Replacing the individual needs
- Very often violent extremist offenders, when they leave a full time and continuous engagement in the movement, need to focus on “something else”. The results are more positive when individuals are busy in the centre, involved in education courses and vocational training, religious and psychological sessions, sports activities, ceremonies, etc.
- Re-integration programmes should focus on reinforcing skills that ex-offenders already possess rather than solely try to impart new ones. Similarly, programmes should identify the motivation of ex-offenders to take up a new life and attempt to strengthen it.
- It is of crucial importance to show offenders an alternative perspective as well as to address their lack of reference to positive influences. Generally in the movement the individual is provided with a complete package of means to satisfy his/her needs (from clothes to attitudes, from music to behaviours). Programmes should foster a new sense of identity. They should identify the individual needs and replace them with alternatives. This will also require an understanding of the factors and conditions that led to the ex-offender becoming a violent extremist.