C. Discipline & Accountability

Recommendation 9

Institute clear procedures that hold inmates accountable for their actions in order to create an environment that does not allow radicalization to violence to fester.

A key to sound prison management and an important factor in addressing violent extremist radicalization in prisons is to hold inmates accountable for their actions. Officials should seek to develop and establish a disciplinary process that treats all inmates equitably. Inmates should be provided with information about the disciplinary code and complaint procedures upon admissions. The Mandela rules regulate the scope of permissible disciplinary sanctions. Judicial authorities should be involved when misconduct rises to a criminal level. Disciplinary matters should consistently follow appropriate procedural safeguards such as notice of the offense and an opportunity to be heard. Inmate grievance procedures should be accessible for all inmates. Finally, punishment, where appropriate, should be proximal to prisoner misconduct.


Recommendation 10

Develop and enforce clear rules and procedures to ensure prison management and staff accountability as a way to reduce opportunities for prison radicalization.

Management and staff accountability is critically important in countering prison radicalization because it lends credibility to the system and helps fostering an environment where inmates know that staff and management are held to specific standards. Staff misconduct undermines that confidence. Rules and regulations, including those that prohibit corruption, abuse, and violence should be clearly outlined and discussed in a code of conduct. Codes of conduct specify expected standards of ethics and behavior for prison officers and other prison staff, fostering conditions conducive to earning public confidence and respect. Prison management should enforce the rules and regulations promptly, fairly, transparently, consistently and impartially.


Recommendation 11

Take preventative measures to combat corruption to reduce opportunities for radicalization and ensure that where corruption exists, its perpetrators are appropriately punished.

Corruption is a corrosive practice that compromises the effectiveness of prison operations and compromises security. A facility with corrupt officials will suffer from poor management and failure to adhere to best correctional practices and international standards and norms. This can allow for radicalization to violence to fester because individuals with resources will have the opportunity to spread their extremist messages and recruit followers. Prison officials should be accountable for ensuring that their correctional facilities have internal standards and methods in place and implemented to root out corruption. Some examples of methods include vetting staff at hire and throughout employment, conducting unannounced employee searches, changing shifts regularly, developing an internal affairs unit to investigate reports of corruption, and making public examples of corrupt officers. Adequate compensation is one factor, but not the only one, in reducing corruption.