I. Detecting and Intervening Against Violent Extremism

Radicalization to violent extremism is a complex process that must be addressed through comprehensive means. While radicalization to violent extremism is a wider phenomenon having the potential to accelerate the radicalization process of FTFs, not all individuals who radicalize to violent extremism become FTFs. In the same vein, while some FTFs are radicalized to violent extremism prior to departure from their countries, others become radicalized to violent extremism while fighting or upon their return. Because FTFs can come from all segments of a State’s population and generally are involved with others from different countries, effective FTF-focused countering violent extremism (CVE) programs require a whole of government approach with full and proactive engagement with communities and international cooperation.