Include women and girls and gender mainstreaming in the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of all policies, laws, procedures, programs and practices related to CVE.
Including women and girls and gender mainstreaming improves the design, implementation, and evaluation of CVE efforts. It brings additional resources by promoting the unique and significant roles of women and girls in CVE. It also ensures that CVE efforts counter female radicalization and the various ways women and girls are involved in violent extremism and terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. Comprehensive approaches to CVE should also consider how violent extremism and counterterrorism impact women and girls differently and give a more full picture of security concerns, including within those communities where radicalization is taking place and where more engagement may be sought. Family and community relationships are critical determinants in the process of radicalization, and both women and men are part of that dynamic process.
CVE efforts should pay attention to the gender of participants and the social norms and societal expectations associated with belonging to a particular gender in their societies. Paying attention to the ways that gender norms shape people’s lives is likely to improve CVE programming aimed at women, and it is likely to add a dimension of understanding and responsiveness to CVE programming aimed at men as well. CVE project design should use gender assessments to practically link research on gender norms and conflict, highlighting how those norms might be related to drivers of violent extremism and how they might frame the conflicts in which violent extremists engage. Sex-disaggregated analysis and data on relevant communities, tools, and outcomes can also be used to better inform CVE initiatives and avoid unintended impacts that can undermine relationships of trust in communities.