The role of communities

  • Successful partnerships between government and the community for the implementation of reintegration and aftercare programmes can lead to a better understanding between them across a range of other issues that may help to reduce the vulnerability of other members of the community to violent extremism.
  • Government should seek to involve all sectors of the community in order to leverage all potential influences.
  • In order to create an enabling environment for reintegration, it is important, where necessary, to change the cognitive, behavioural and socio-economic characteristics of the hosting community. In this framework community outreach (including talks, lectures and conferences) and social awareness activities can also be helpful.
  • The community is often best placed to monitor the impact of the reintegration programme on the behaviour and attitudes of the individual.
  • The roles of media and educational and religious institutions are critical, also on the preventive side.
  • A significant issue is whether the community will trust the beneficiary and believe in his/her change. In this regard, the way government and society at large treat the beneficiary will have an influence on community attitudes. Also, in this context, formers may play a significant role.